The purpose of Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, is to make these resources available for the use, teaching, and revitalization of the Hawaiian language and for a broader and deeper understanding of Hawaiʻi.

Ulukau is a coined word given as the name of this web-based library. The word refers to unexplained supernatural interpretive powers. It is the hope of the authors of Ulukau that in the same way that unexplained supernatural interpretive powers can be divinely given to a person, so knowledge and understanding can come to the person who makes the effort to read the language and the words of this electronic library.

Open Source / Open Access

Ulukau uses open-source Greenstone software, designed specifically for digital libraries. Greenstone was developed with UNESCO support at the University of Waikato, Aotearoa (New Zealand), and can be used on computers running Windows, Unix or Mac OS. Software and website development is by DL Consulting.


Materials in this electronic library are often available from the materials' publishers. See the individual materials' websites, or send any inquiries here.

Supporting Organizations

Ulukau was founded by Hale Kuamoʻo and is co-sponsored by Hale Kuamoʻo, Ka Haka ʻUla O Keʻelikōlani, University of Hawaiʻi at Hilo and the Native Hawaiian Library, ALU LIKE, Inc.

Founding financial support was provided by the Administration for Native Americans. Continuing support is provided by the Department of Education.

Financial or other support was also generously given by ʻAha Pūnana Leo, the Archives of Hawaiʻi, the Association of Hawaiian Evangelical Churches, the Atherton Family Foundation, Dorothy Barrère, the Bishop Museum, Center on Disability Studies (University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa), Chaminade University of Honolulu, Keola Donaghy, the Dwayne & Marti Steele Fund of the Hawaiʻi Community Foundation, Edith Kanakaʻole Foundation, Editions Limited, the Frear Eleemosynary Trust, the Hawaiʻi Conference of the United Church of Christ, Hawaiʻi Maoli, Hawaiʻi State Department of Education, the Hawaiʻi State Public Library System, the Hawaiian Studies Institute (Kamehameha Schools), the Honolulu Star-Bulletin, the Institute of Museum and Library Services, Kamehameha Publishing, the Kamehameha Schools, Kamehameha Schools Curriculum Support & Dissemination Branch, Kamehameha Schools Press, Kawaihuelani Center for Hawaiian Language (University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa), Kumu Pono Associates, Music Entertainment and Learning Center, Honolulu Community College, University of Hawaiʻi, Native Hawaiian Education Council, the Nature Conservancy, New Zealand Micrographic Services Ltd, the Office of Hawaiian Affairs, Mr. & Mrs. Michael O'Neill, Pacific American Foundation, Pacific Resources for Education and Learning, Partners In Development Foundation, Pauahi Publications, Pili Press, the Polynesian Voyaging Society, Queen Liliʻuokalani Children's Center, Reverend Joel Hulu Mahoe Resource Center, Kekeha Solis, Stacey Leong Design, the State Council of Hawaiian Congregational Churches, the State Department of Education, the Strong Foundation, UH President Evan Dobelle's Initiative for Achieving Native Hawaiian Academic Excellence, University of Hawaiʻi Press, UH Press Journals Department, Waihona ʻĀina Corporation, and Laiana Wong.

Special acknowledgment is given to those institutions that have preserved the Legacy archival materials and shared them with the world and helped this electronic library, including Archives of Hawaiʻi, Bishop Museum Library and Archives, Hawaiian Collection (University of Hawaiʻi at Hilo), Hawaiian Collection (University of Hawaiʻi at Mānoa), Hawaiian Historical Society Library, Hawaiian Mission Children's Society Library, and the Kamehameha Schools Archives.

Ulukau has been made possible by Greenstone, the digital-library technology developed by the University of Waikato in Aotearoa (New Zealand).

Technology assistance has been provided by DL Consulting Limited.

The Hoʻoilina journal within this library is also available in the Project MUSE database of full-text, electronic journals in the humanities and social sciences. For more details on Project MUSE, including information on how to subscribe, visit here.

Some of the materials on Ulukau may have been developed using Federal Department of Education funds. The contents of those materials do not necessarily represent the policy of the Department of Education, and you should not assume endorsement by the Federal Government.

The copyright owners of this website are Ka Haka ʻUla O Keʻelikōlani College of Hawaiian Language and ALU LIKE, Inc. The copyright owner of other websites in the Ulukau library are as shown on their websites. In all cases, All Rights Reserved.

It is the user's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other use restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found on this website. Transmission or reproduction of protected items beyond that allowed by fair use requires the written permission of the copyright owner. Users must make their own assessments of rights in light of their intended use. More information about U.S. copyright law (Title 17 U.S. Code) is available here.

Terms of Use

Updated January 20, 2004

Summary. This website may be fully utilized for personal use, but may not be used for commercial purposes or copied to any other website. Webmasters of other websites are, however, welcomed to link to this website under the terms contained below. The following terms apply to all visitors to or users of this website. By using this website, you agree to be bound by these terms.

Copyrights and Trademarks. The contents of this website are protected by copyright law. All rights reserved. You may not reproduce, distribute, transmit, display, prepare derivative works, or perform any copyrighted material appearing on this website without the prior written consent of the copyright owner. You may not use any of this website's service marks, logos, or graphics without the copyright owner's prior written consent.

Framing. The copyright owner (hereafter this term includes this website's operators, Hale Kuamoʻo and the Native Hawaiian Library) do not allow framing of this website (framing is when this website is framed or displayed within another website).

Links to this website. The copyright owner encourages and permits links to content on this website. However, the copyright owner is committed to the highest ethics and standards and to independent, noncommercial use of these materials, both in fact and appearance. Therefore, the linking should not (1) suggest that the copyright owner promotes or endorses any third party's causes, ideas, websites, products or services, or (2) use this website's content for inappropriate or commercial purposes. The copyright owner reserves the right to withdraw permission for any link.

Links to third party sites. This site may provide links to websites maintained by third parties, over which the copyright owner has no control. The copyright owner does not endorse the content, operators, policies, products, or services of such sites, and is not responsible or liable for the content, operators, availability, accuracy, quality, advertising, products, services, or other materials on or available from such sites. The copyright owner is not responsible or liable, directly or indirectly, for any damage or loss caused or alleged to be caused by or in connection with the use of or reliance on any such content, products or services available on or through such sites.

Security. For site security and to ensure that this service remains available to all users, this website may employ software programs to monitor network traffic to identify unauthorized attempts to upload or change information, deny service, otherwise cause damage, or access non-public information. Unauthorized attempts to upload information or change information are strictly prohibited and may be punishable under the Computer Fraud and Abuse Act of 1986 and the National Infrastructure Protection Act of 1996. Information regarding possible violations of law may be provided to law enforcement officials.

Patents. Patents pending.

Miscellaneous. These terms of use represent the entire understanding of the parties regarding the use of this website and supersede any previous documents, correspondence, conversations, or other oral or written understanding related to these terms of use. These terms of use shall be governed by and construed under State of Hawaiʻi law, and, where applicable, the laws of the United States. A modification or waiver of a part of these terms of use shall not constitute a waiver or modification of any other portion of the terms of use.

Consent to terms. By using this website, you agree to be bound by these terms of use, including acknowledgment and acceptance of copyrights and pending patents. If you do not agree to these terms of use, please do not use this website. The copyright owner reserves the right, at its discretion, to modify, add, or delete portions of these terms at any time. Please check these terms periodically for changes. Such changes, modifications, additions, or deletions shall be effective immediately upon notice thereof. Your continued use of this website following the posting of changes to these terms will mean that you agree to those changes.

If you have any questions about the terms of use, please contact us.


The copyright owner makes this website available on the Internet as a public service, and reliance on information published on this site is done at the user's own risk. Neither the copyright owner (including Hale Kuamoʻo and the Native Hawaiian Library), nor any agency, officer, or employee of the copyright owner (including Hale Kuamoʻo and the Native Hawaiian Library), guarantees the accuracy, reliability, completeness, or timeliness of any information or part of this website, and may not be held liable for any losses caused by any person's or entity's reliance on the information or materials available here.

Updated January 20, 2004.

For website management, this site uses software programs to create summary statistics that are used for such purposes as assessing what information is of most or least interest to users, determining technical design specifications, and identifying system performance areas. The copyright owner collects and stores the following information:

This website does NOT record users' names, addresses, phone numbers, credit card numbers, or any other personally-identifying information.

If you choose to provide us with personal information, as in an email message, we will use this information to respond to your request. There are times when your email may be forwarded within our organizations to employees who are better able to assist you. We may also forward requests for assistance to another appropriate institution for response. Except for the foregoing exceptions and for authorized law enforcement activities, the copyright owner does not share email with outside organizations without obtaining your permission. Further, this website will not originate any emails to any user unless requested to do so by the user.

"Cookies" are small bits of text (letters and numbers) that are either used for the duration of a session, or saved on a user's computer in order to identify that user (or information about that user) the next time they log on to a website. The copyright owner uses cookies to temporarily keep track of your use of this site. The copyright owner also may use cookies to keep track of your preferences of use on this site, such as search preferences. With the exception of such preference saving, all cookie information on this site is deleted when your session ends and is not collected or saved. Cookies can NOT be used to read other information from a user's hard drive. If you wish to prevent cookies from being used you may disable them in your browser's preferences.

Children. For ages under 13: If you are under 13 years of age, please do not send any information about yourself, including your name, address, or email address. If we discover that we have collected any personally-identifying information from a child under the age of 13, we will remove that information from our records as soon as possible. For ages 13 -18: Visitors between the ages of 13 and 18 must obtain permission from their parents or guardians before sending any personally-identifying information.

Linked sites. This website contains links to other sites that may not follow the same privacy policies as given here. These sites may use cookies, collect data, and use the data in ways that the copyright owner would not. The copyright owner is not responsible for the privacy practices or any information or materials on these other sites.

Changes. The copyright owner reserves the right to change this policy. Any changes to this policy will be posted to this web page as soon as reasonably possible, so please check this page periodically. Use of this website constitutes consent to any policy then in effect.

If you have any questions or comments concerning our privacy policy, please contact us.

Hale Kuamoʻo
Hale Kuamoʻo Hawaiian Language Center
Ka Haka ʻUla O Keʻelikōlani College of Hawaiian Language
University of Hawaiʻi at Hilo
200 W. Kāwili Street
Hilo, Hawaiʻi 96720-4019 USA
Telephone (808) 974-7339
Native Hawaiian Library
Native Hawaiian Library
2969 Mapunapuna Place, #200
Honolulu, Hawaiʻi 96819 USA
Telephone (808) 535-6700

Email any comments about the elibrary here.