Kikokikona Hawaiʻi
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Kamehameha, Kalakua Wed in Hoao-Wohi Rites


Article 45

Miriam the Princess Kalakua

The second daughter of Keaumoku II and the Princess Namahana was Miriam the Princess was Miriam the Princess Kalakua surnamed Kaheiheimalie. As a young child she had been betrothed to marry the Prince Kaleimamahu of Hawaii, and she wed him under the nuptial rites of Hoao-Wohi.

A daughter was born to the royal couple and was given the name of Miriam Auhea-Kalani - Kui-Kawekiu-o-Kekauluohi-Kealiiuhiwaihanau - o - Kalani-makahonua - Ahilapalapa - Kai - wikapu-o- Kaleilei-a - Kalakaua. This princess is known in history as the Princess Miriam Auhea Kekauluohi the First, the third Kuhina Nui of Hawaii.

* * *

KEKAULUOHI THE First was raised in the most sanctified manner with her own enclosures, gardens and pools. She was one of the sanctified consorts of Kamehameha II. Later she wed the High-Chief Kanaina, son of the High-Chief Kapalahaole and the Princess Kaumaka-o-Kapaa. Their only surviving so was the Prince William Charles Lunalilo, later monarch of Hawaii, the sixth in succession of the Kingdom of Hawaii.

Some months after Kekauluohi was born, King Kamehameha saw his sister-in-law, the Princess Kalakua, and he fell in love with her beauty. He asked his brother, Kaleimamahu, to give up his wife, Kalakua, to him that he might wed her.

* * *

KAMEHAMEHA knew of the great and mutual devotion that existed between him and his brother; he knew also that his brother loved Kalakua, and Kamehameha could not find a better expression for the love that he bore his brother than to have a child of his own blood by the one woman beloved by his brother.

Such reasoning is peculiar to the Hawaiian and to any culture where flesh and blood are sacred. In ancient Hawaii there was no better way to express friendship than to take unto oneself the beloved of oneʻs friend and by her to have a child.

* * *

KAMEHAMEHA wed Kalakua under the rites of Hoao-Wohi, and thus gave to his wife a singular position among Hawaiian women. The rite of Hoao-Wohi signified the union of two persons of exalted rank. The ritual and system was such as to insure the virginity of the bride and thus the true paternity of the offspring.

A woman of chiefly rank during her lifetime may have many husbands, but to only one, her first, is she ever united under this sacred nuptial rite.

* * *

KALAKUA HAS the unique distinction of being the only woman ever to be united under this rite to two different men. Again does Kalakua bear another unique distinction. She was the only consort of Kamehameha joined to him under ceremonial and sanctified rites. All of his other consorts were taken by him under the royal custom then prvalling called Hoo-Ipo-Ipo which literally means courtship.

There is no exact equivalent to this status which is peculiar to Hawaiian royalty unless it be that status of an established and acknowledged common law spouse.

* * *

HAD THE BLOOD of Queen Keopuolani been less exalted or her descent from any except the traditional ruling line of Kalaniopuu-Kiwalao, there is no doubt that the children of Kalakua would have succeeded to the throne at the death of Kamehameha. As a matter of fact when the descendants of Keopuolani were no more the throne of Kamehameha did pass to the grandchildren of Kalakua.

These were Kamehameha IV and V and also Lunalilo. On the other hand Kamehameha II and III ruled not so much because their father was Kamehameha as because their mother was the sacred Keopuolani.

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