The Story of Hawaiian Royalty
Additional Investitures Made By Kamehamehas
This history of modern Hawaii runs daily and Sunday exclusively in The Advertiser. This is the 74th of the series.
The Investitures of the Kamehameha Dynasty
There have been other royal creations and investitures in the history of Hawaii besides the seven that we have mentioned, but in all instances these were of political and civil nature and did not require the sacred investiture ritual of Poni-Ula.
Of these investitures four were granted during the reign of the Kamehameha Dynasty in which members of the exalted nobility of Hawaii were granted royal status. Two of these were men and the other two women.
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THE FIRST WAS Matthew, the High-Chief Kekuanaoa of the Princely House of Meae and the royal Dynasty of Alapai. He was granted the privilege and style of “Highness.”
Kekuanaoa was the consort of the Princess Kinau, daughter of the great Kamehameha, and under the title of Kaahumanu II, she was the Kuhina Nui of Hawaii from 1832 to 1839. Kekuanaoa was the father of Kamehameha IV and V.
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THE STYLE OF “Highness” was granted also under the grace of the monarch to Charles, the High-Chief Kanaina II, consort of Miriam, the High - Chiefess Auhea-KekauIuohi I, niee of the great Kamehameha and Kakuaana of the Kamehameha Dynasty, and Kuhina Nui of Hawaii from 1839 to 1845.
Kanaina was of the princely House of Moana and the father of King Lunalilo.
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THE TWO LADIES who were granted royal status were consorts of reigning monarchs. The first was Queen Kalama, a Chiefess of the Princely House of Moana and a first cousin to both Matthew Kekuanaoa and Charles Kanaina. She was the Queen-Consort of the sacred Kauikeouli who ruled Hawaii as Kamehameha III.
The second of these ladies was Emma Rooke, the High-Chiefess Kaoanaeha of the Dynasty of Kalaniopuu. She married Alexander, Prince Liholiho II who suceeded to the Hawaiian throne as Kamehameha IV.
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AT THE DEATH of her young son, the Prince of Hawaii, and of her royal husband, the Dowager Queen Emma took the surname Kalele-o-Nalani, the Flight of the Sanctified, to commemorate the double tragedy that death had brought into her life.
The very beautiful Queen Emma was the founder of the present day Queenʻs hospital and was the inspiration which established the Angelican Communion in Hawaii.
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THE SUMMER house of the Queen at Hanaiakamalama is now a museum maintained through the great endeavors of that sterling group of ladies of Hawaii, the Daughters of Hawaii. Emma was the grand-daughter of John Young, the High-Chief Olohana I.
Queen-Consort Kalama whose complete name was Kahalele- poni - Kapakuhaili - o - Kalama was the daughter of Naihe-Kukui and Kapeeku-Kai. Her only child did not survive. All four of the nobility mentioned in this article were noble by birth and Alii of exalted rank; investiture was necessary to establish political recognition in the civil lists.
(Copyright, 1955, The Honolulu Advertiser.)